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Arthritis: Everything You Need to Know
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Arthritis can happen to anyone but becomes prominent with age.
Some common causes of arthritis are:
- Age: As you age, your chances of getting arthritis increase.
- Gender: Women are more likely to get affected by arthritis.
- Weight: Excess weight makes arthritis in the knee start early and get worse at a faster pace.
- Injuries: Injuries can damage joints and trigger arthritis.
- Infection: Viruses, fungi or bacteria can infect joints and give rise to inflammation.
- Work: You are more likely to get arthritis if you are following wrong postures at work.
Arthritis mainly causes pain in your joints. You might also have:
- Swollen or stiff joints
- Trouble moving
- Problems doing everyday tasks
The symptoms can be constant, or only for some time. They can range from mild to severe. Severe cases may lead to permanent damage.
Rheumatoid Arthritis and Osteoporosis are the most common types of arthritis.
Osteoporosis: In Osteoporosis cartilage (cushion at the ends of your bones) wear away which makes bones rub against each other and causes pain in knees, fingers or hips.
Rheumatoid Arthritis: In this type of arthritis, the body’s immune system attacks its own tissues that can damage the joint surface and underlying bone.
Gout: It is a form of arthritis which is very painful. Needle-like crystal deposits form in the joints resulting from uric acid buildup in the body.
Other forms of arthritis are:
- Ankylosing Spondylitis: It affects spine.
- Lupus: It’s an autoimmune disease that can damage any part of the body including skin and joints.
- Psoriatic Arthritis: It is related to a skin condition called psoriatic.
When you should see a doctor
You should see a doctor when:
- Pain, redness or swelling is constant.
- Your family has a history of autoimmune disorders.
- You have relatives with other arthritis-related diseases.
In some cases, it can cause damage that can’t be reversed even with the treatment.
Doctor will help you to manage pain, prevent damage to the affected joints and get rid of inflammation.
Doctors might recommend:
- Physical Therapy
- Weight Loss
- In worse cases, surgery
Your doctors might suggest:
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
- Disease-modifying anti-rheumaticdrugs (DMARDs)
Manage Your Arthritis by:
- Educating yourself
- Exercising regularly
- Keeping your weight under check
- Not putting off treatment