World Alzheimer Day 2018

We are acknowledging the miseries brought in by the most common cause of dementia, Alzheimer’s. It is taking over the population slowly and steadily. The chronic disease not only causes memory loss but it also damages the brain to the core.

On the occasion of World Alzheimer’s Day, let’s look at the current scenario of how the disease has seen a rise in cases over a certain period of time and how can we fight it?

About Alzheimer’s

Alzheimer’s is progressive dementia causing brain damage leading to memory loss and impaired thought process. Over the years, the cases of dementia have seen a significant rise and every 1 in 3 senior citizens are supposedly affected by it.

Causes

Alzheimer’s root cause is brain cell deterioration. As the person becomes old, the process of deterioration starts and to fight that, our body produces a protein known as amyloid.

The process leads to the amyloid build-up in the brain known as ‘plaques’, which leads to further deterioration of brain cells forming tangles. These plaques and tangles also lead to change in the brain structure and it also prevents the production of several important brain chemicals.

Other Responsible Factors

Increasing age over time

Down syndrome can trigger it

History of head injuries

Risk factors for blood vessel disease such as smoking

If there’s a family history of Alzheimer's disease

Obesity

High blood pressure and high cholesterol

Insulin resistance

Symptoms to Notice

Symptoms are quite general and can’t be identified right away unless a person’s activities are examined carefully. The person suffers memory loss, confusion and the ability to being conscious at the beginning which becomes severe over time.

Some Important Facts and Figures

 - Worldwide, there are close to 44 million cases of dementia which is set to increase further with time.

 - One in every three senior suffers from Alzheimer’s or some kind of dementia.

 - In India alone, there are close to 4 million cases.

 - It’s the 6th leading cause of deaths in the United States.

 - According to recent information collected, from the year 2000 to 2015, deaths from heart diseases have been decreased by 11% while the deaths from Alzheimer’s have increased by 123%.

 - Someone in the United States gets affected by it every 65 seconds.

Treatment

Well, there is no known cure for the disease; the treatment focuses on managing the symptoms to stop the further advancement.

 - Treat the medical conditions setting the onset of the disease.

 - Preparing a routine for them to avoid some kind of confusion.

 - Regular Check-ups and social interaction to avoid loneliness and depression.

 - Focusing on repeating the normal and avoiding smoking.

The last thing, there are no proven ways to stop the development of Alzheimer’s but it doesn’t mean there won’t be. Until then, you can support the patient in their pain. It’s time that you manage it and delay the further advancement as soon as you get to know.

Tags: Alzheimer's Day | Alzheimer | Alzheimer Medicine

References

Facts & Figures: www.alz.org