World Hepatitis Day is celebrated on 28th July every year. This day is observed to spread awareness amongst individual, even in remote locations, to prevent its widespread in the upcoming generation. Hepatitis is spread in every region globally and has an adverse effect on 325 million people who are currently suffering from Hepatitis.

Among the mass population, 4% population of India has fallen prey to this disease unknowingly. India has the 2nd highest number of Hepatitis B infected, says the report.

Also Read:  Hepatitis B - The Most Dangerous Virus

Why people are not aware about Hepatitis?

 - Hepatitis does not come with alarming signals. In most cases people are not aware of the infection until they are exposed to liver diseases.
 - One of the symptoms of Hepatitis Infection is mild fever which is often ignored. Hepatitis Infection is yet to be taken seriously in many regions including India.
 - Even with the availability of vaccines for Hepatitis B, every year, nearly 600,000 patients die from HBV infection in Indian continent.
 - Chronic Hepatitis B and C brings the risk of liver cancer or cirrhosis, but in India most people are unaware of the infection that they have developed.

Types of Hepatitis Infection

 - Hepatitis A virus (HAV) is an acute disease which in India, is responsible for 10-30% of acute Hepatitis and 5-15% of acute liver failure
 - Blood-borne viral infections, Hepatitis B and C develop chronic liver diseases and if they are not diagnosed in time, it may result into liver cancer and death in meantime.
 - Hepatitis D is also a chronic disease which spreads when Hepatitis B grows to an advanced level in an individual’s body.
 - Hepatitis E, whereas, is an acute disease and gets cured with proper rest and nutritional diet to restore the fluids lost because of this infection.

Precautions for Hepatitis Infection:

 - Hepatitis A can be caught through drinking contaminated water and fluids. Avoid such fluids to maintain a healthy lifestyle.
 - About 45 million people in India are infected with Hepatitis B Virus (HBV). World Hepatitis Day is focused on expanding HBV vaccination programmes because its growth leads to other severe diseases. HBV vaccines provide more than 99% protection.
 - HCV is found in 8.7 million people in India and 90% people could be treated in 3 months with medication and in 6 months time, it may be eliminated completely.
 - Hepatitis D could be taken care of, if Hepatitis B is treated in its initial stage. Hepatitis D is an evolved form of Hepatitis B and it occurs in people who are already exposed to Hepatitis B.
 - For Hepatitis E, one need to take care of food habits and liquid intake, contaminated food or liquid may result into Hepatitis E.

Motives of World Hepatitis Day

 - Spread awareness amongst people about the severity of this disease.
 - According to 2014 theme for World Hepatitis Day, ‘Think Again’ was meant to explain what was unknown to the world about Hepatitis Virus. Following the same lead, we are aiming to understand the threat that it would cause to the world.
 - Campaigns for testing Hepatitis Virus are set around the world to test the patients and provide with medicines like Sofosbuvir to treat them.
 - Hospital meets are initiated to the local areas.

This World Hepatitis Day, we can:

 - Generate campaigns on Social Media to make people aware of the disease.
 - Patients who are suffering or have suffered can come up to explain about their experiences.
 - Explain that the effects of sharing needles and syringes lead to Hepatitis B and D virus.