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World Contraceptive Day – Where are we going?
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We live in a world more than a population of 7.2 billion people. And looking at the scarcity of resources and the standard of living, if some serious measures are not taken with respect to the ever increasing population of the world, it is going to get worse.
On this world contraceptive day, let us understand the importance of contraceptives in our daily life. It takes place every year on September 26th, every year. The worldwide campaign focuses on a vision that every pregnancy is wanted. The aim is to make the young generation aware about the use of contraceptives and make informed choices while indulging in sexual acts, family planning or reproductive health of a human being.
Contraceptives were first introduced in the 1960s where the first oral contraceptive Envoid, was approved Food and drug administration (FDA) of the US.
What is a Contraceptive?
A contraceptive is a method of avoiding pregnancy and even STI’s (In some cases) during intercourse. Contraceptives differ according to types and characteristics.
Contraception Methods Available
With wide research and technologies, we have access to so many options of contraception. Condoms stand as most sought inventions which not only prevent a person from getting pregnant but also prevents against STIs and HIV.
There are around 15 methods available out of which, most of the methods can be used by consulting with a doctor. Following are the types of contraceptives available:-
• Combined Pill
• Condoms (female)
• Condoms (male)
• Contraceptive implant
• Contraceptive injection
• Contraceptive patch
• Intrauterine device (IUD)
• Intrauterine system (IUS)
• Natural family planning
• Progestogen-only pill
• Vaginal ring
There are also two methods of contraception which works permanently throughout the life:
• Female sterilization
• Male sterilization (Vasectomy)
• High Population Rise in India
Countries like India and China suffer from high population growth. If we go by recent studies, then India will take over China very soon in the terms of population in the upcoming future. A recent report shared by the Union Health Ministry talked about the massive rise in the population of India. The report suggested a massive rise due to many reasons in which one was the 35% drop in the use of contraceptives.
The reports suggest that Use of condoms and oral contraceptives has seen a rise but the process of male/female sterilisaton has seen a huge drop. Very few know the difference between regular and emergency contraception, thanks to irresponsible advertisements in media.
The lack of awareness is worrisome and has caused a lot of problems. For e.g., Many families in villages decide to go for their child just after their first one is born without thinking about the consequences.
What should be our responsibility?
Well, the birth-control doesn’t happen by itself and women around the world are dealing with several other problems because of undue pregnancies and their precious health. The main responsibility here is to make everyone from rural and urban areas aware of the problems occurring from not using contraceptives. Getting involved in campaigns, events, and volunteering for the cause will help in spreading the word.
It is our responsibility and only ours to be taken care of. Use contraception and avoid pregnancies and other serious problems.
• Condoms are the only contraceptives that can help against STIs.
• The use of contraception can help in avoiding unwanted abortion.
• The Pills are a popular form of contraception but are not suitable for everyone.
• People are more aware of the non-permanent methods other than permanent ones.
• Ten percent of women in the US are at the risk of unintended pregnancy are not currently using any contraceptive method.
• The use of modern contraceptives has seen a drop in the last ten years.